Please find below a number of websites and references to various religions. If you find that a link is bad, please let the Reference staff know. These resources are scholarly, many are from university research centers, and all should be considered reputable sources.
Comparative Religion | Buddhism | Christianity/Bible | Hinduism | Islam/Islamic Studies | Judaism
ATLA Websites on Religion offers growing, selective, annotated collection of web resources for the study of religion, curated by the American Theological Library Association. World Religions, Biblical Literature, and Sacred Texts (besides Judeo-Christian scriptures).
Internet Sacred Text Archive is a freely available archive of electronic texts about religion, mythology, legends and folklore, and occult and esoteric topics. Texts are presented in English translation and, where possible, in the original language. The site has one of the largest collections of transcriptions of complete books on Native American, Pacific, African, Asian and other traditional people’s religion, spiritual practices, mythology and folklore. While many of these pre-20th century books are flawed due to orientalist or colonialist biases, they are also eye-witness accounts by reliable observers, typically at the moment of contact.
The Hermetically Open Archive contains more than 25,000 occult texts covering “Hermetics, Rosicrucians, Theosophy, alchemy, mysticism, Gnosis and Western Esotericism, Sufism, Kabbalah, Anthroposophy, Catharism, Freemasonry, Manichaeism, Judaica, the Grail, Esotericism, and comparative religion.” From Amsterdam’s Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica (the Ritman Library).
buddhanet – Buddhist education and information network, through the Buddha Dharma Education Association.
Access to Insight – readings in Theravada Buddhism “dedicated to providing accurate, reliable, and useful information concerning the practice and study of Theravada Buddhism, as it has been handed down to us through both the written word of the Pali canon and the living example of the Sangha.”
Study Buddhism – “an extensive source of authentic Buddhist teachings, presented in a down-to-earth and practical way….[the]aim is to make the wisdom of Tibet available and accessible to our modern world….the next generation of The Berzin Archives, founded in 2001 by Dr. Alexander Berzin, a Buddhist teacher, translator and practitioner with more than 50 years of experience.”
Tibetan and Himalayan Library – “publisher of websites, information services, and networking facilities relating to the Tibetan plateau and southern Himalayan regions. THL promotes the integration of knowledge and community across the divides of academic disciplines, the historical and the contemporary, the religious and the secular, the global and the local. In addition to more typical academic projects, THL promotes participatory knowledge that is created by and benefits local communities, while including contributors from all walks of life around the world. Data includes text, audio-video, images, maps, immersive objects, reference works, and interpretative essays.” Developed in part through the University of Virginia.
– Provides free access to the original Bible texts in Greek and Hebrew, in addition to English, Latin, and German Bible translations.
Association of Religious Data Archives
– internet-based archive established to democratize access to the best data in religion. Includes teaching tools, congregational resource center, and research resources.
Bible and Interpretation
Delivers current news, features, editorials, commentary, archaeological interpretation and excavations relevant to the study of the Bible for both the public and biblical scholars.
Bibledex: A Video About Every Book in the Bible
This site offers YouTube-type short videos which present scholars talking about books of the Bible.
– allows searching of the Bible in various English translations and in more than 25 languages.
– Multiple versions of the Bible available online, with verses keyed to an array of commentaries, sermons, text analyses, topical studies, etc.
– provides free articles and videos that bridge the gap between the academy and the public in an effort to increase biblical literacy. From the Society of Biblical Literature, the preeminent scholarly society for biblical studies in the U.S.
This site, maintained by the Holy See’s Congregation for the Clergy, provides tools to connect Scripture with commentary by the Church Fathers, Doctors of the Church, and the Magisterium, as well as with the Roman Catholic Liturgy and both the Latin and Eastern Codes of Canon Law.
Christian Classics Ethereal Library – “An excellent resource for electronic texts: the Bible, commentaries, hymns, sermons, Early Church Fathers (38 vols.), and many texts from the history of Christianity.”
Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon (CAL) The CAL is a text base of the Aramaic texts in all dialects from the earliest (9th Century BCE) through the 13th Century CE, currently with a database of approximately 3 million lexically parsed words, and an associated set of electronic tools for analyzing and manipulating the data, whose ultimate goal is the creation of a complete lexicon of the language.” Contains Targumim and Peshitta of OT texts, as well as Syriac translations of the New Testament.
Resource Pages for Biblical Studies
This site contains links to Bible texts, translations and related texts; Biblical Studies electronically published; aspects of the Mediterranean social world; Biblical Studies and computer technology; plus links to information on Philo of Alexandria.
STEP Bible [Scripture Tools for Every Person]
– a fairly robust free online Bible study tool from Tyndale House, Cambridge
Sanatana Dharma Hinduism – “is dedicated to providing quality information on Hinduism and related religions that originated in India, without belittling other religions. We aim to represent mainstream Hinduism for Hindus all over the world, not just a particular community, caste or nation. We focus on the essential principles, beliefs and practices of Hinduism, not a particular version or variety, as found in the ancient scriptures. . . . we want to present the richness and diversity of Hinduism without aligning ourselves to any particular sectarian movement, guru tradition or practice.”
Gurus, Sages, and Seekers: Holy Men and Women in the Indian Tradition
“[D]evoted to introducing westerners to teachers from different Indian religious traditions. Pictures and short life-stories of charismatic seekers, saints, teachers, and gurus from the 19th and 20th centuries who trace their religious origins to India.”
Harappa: Glimpses of South Asia before 1947
features images, movies, and sounds relating to Indian culture, plus essays.
offers a variety of resources on Hinduism and India, such as Articles, Scriptures, Meditation, Forums, Videos, MP3 Songs, MP3 Lectures.
Islam and Islamic Studies
Australian Islamic Library – المكتبة الإسلامية الاسترالية
One of the biggest collections of Islamic online books. Available in numerous international languages to suit Muslim readers worldwide.
“…a completely free, non-profit website providing access to the largest and greatest online collection of Qur’anic Commentary (tafsir or tafseer), translation, recitation and essential resources in the world.”
Arabic and English commentaries covering all seven schools of Islamic law.
– Islam and Islamic Studies resources via the University of Georgia’s Virtual Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of the Islamic World (VCISIW) “for studying Islam and the diverse perspectives of Muslims.”
– A site designed to enrich the viewers’ knowledge and appreciation of Islam. Its aim is to provide the viewing community substantial knowledge about Islam, particularly the non-Muslim who may need clarification of common distortions of the media and misrepresentations of ill-informed followers.
The Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) at your fingertips” Includes English and Urdu translations along with Arabic text. Quran.com
Arabic text and audio recordings of the Qur’an. Includes a large number of modern language translations.
“Our mission in the Tanzil project is to produce a standard Unicode Quran text and serve as a reliable source for this standard text on the web.” Searchable Arabic text with multiple modern translations.
The Quranic Arabic Corpus
“…an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. The corpus provides three levels of analysis: morphological annotation, a syntactic treebank and a semantic ontology.”
Academic Jewish Studies internet directory – resources for the study of Judaism, including access to library catalogs and databases.
Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon – A new dictionary of the Aramaic language…by an international team of scholars, with headquarters at the Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati….[to] cover all dialects and periods of ancient Aramaic, one of the principal languages of antiquity…especially for the Jewish and Christian religions.”
Shamash: the Jewish network. Shamash is the oldest and best known Jewishly oriented service accessible through the Internet. Shamash serves the full spectrum of Jewish religious, educational, cultural, communal, and social service organizations interested in using technology to share information and deliver services to the Jewish community worldwide.”
Cambridge Digital Library (Hebrew Manuscripts)
High-quality images of halakhic, liturgical, poetic, and philosophical manuscripts.
Early Jewish Writings
“The most complete collection of Jewish documents from antiquity with translations, introductions, and links.”
Holy Texts from Snunit (מאגר ספרות הקודש)
Full site in Hebrew. Includes Unicode text of the Tanakh, Mishnah, Tosefta, Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds, and Maimonides’ Mishneh Torah.
Internet Sacred Text Archive (Judaism)
Categories include: Tanakh, Talmud, Haggada, Kabbalah, Midrash, Haggadah, Prayer Books (Siddur), Ancient/Medieval texts, and Modern texts.
Here you will find the Hebrew Bible (Tana”kh) and the RaMBaM’s Complete Restatement of the Oral Law (Mishneh Torah).” Contains parallel Hebrew/English/French Tanakh and the Hebrew text of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and the Jerusalem and Babylonian Talmuds. Also provides a search tool with a Hebrew keyboard.
“…a free living library of Jewish texts and their interconnections, in Hebrew and in translation.” Contains Hebrew text and many English translations of the Tanakh, Mishnah, Talmud, Midrash, etc.